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Ebola Virus Disease (EVD)

What is EVD?
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe disease that causes haemorrhagic fever in humans and animals. Diseases that cause haemorrhagic fevers, such as Ebola, are often fatal as they can lead to significant internal bleeding and organ failure.

What are the signs and symptoms of EVD?

Symptoms of Ebola include fever, severe headache, muscle pain, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising). Symptoms may appear anywhere from two to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, although eight to 10 days is most common.

How is EVD treated?

There is no specific treatment for Ebola, rather a patient would be treated based on their symptoms and recovery from Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response.
How is the Ebola Virus spread?
The Ebola virus does not spread easily from person to person. It is spread through direct contact with infected bodily fluids, not through casual contact. Almost all of the world’s experience with Ebola has been in harsh outbreak conditions in Africa where access to personal protective equipment and environmental controls has often been far less than what we would consider the norm in Canada. As long as precautions are taken, there is low risk of contracting EVD in a country where the disease is present.

What should someone do who is concerned they have contracted EVD?

Individuals who are experiencing symptoms consistent with Ebola who have recently travelled from a country in which there has been an outbreak should seek medical attention immediately by contacting the Newfoundland and Labrador Healthline (1-888-709-2929). Please describe your symptoms and communicate your recent travel over the telephone so that a health care provider can arrange to see you safely without potentially exposing themselves or others to the virus.

What are the risks of getting Ebola?

The current outbreak of Ebola is in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. While cases of Ebola have been confirmed in the United States, the risk of Ebola spreading throughout Canada remains very low. Eastern Health has infection prevention and control practices and procedures in place that are designed to limit the spread of infection, protect health care workers, and provide the best care possible for the patient.
The Public Health Agency of Canada works closely with its national and international partners, including the World Health Organization, to track Ebola activity around the world. The Public Health Agency of Canada assesses the risks of Ebola in Canada on an ongoing basis.
Where can you obtain more information about EVD?
The following are helpful links related to Ebola:
Infographic: Have you travelled from Africa recently?

News Releases:


Updated Jul 30, 2018